With the exception of Beech Float, all of the pieces are constructed from apple limbs, which were harvested, dried, joined, and shaped. The original forms of the limbs were the result of pruning, as well as each tree’s responses to wind, weight, and light. In the assemblies, these innate characteristics are used for sculpturally expressive and evocative purposes. Some, like Straight Line to Heaven were coated with the industrial material commonly known as “truckbed liner”. In addition to providing color and texture, the coating makes the pieces weather proof. The piece Small Worlds won 1st place Sculpture in The Art of the State exhibit at the PA State Museum in 2010.